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Investment trusts continue to raise dividends, but future increases under threat

21 investment trusts have increased their dividends for 20 or more years
Investment trusts continue to raise dividends, but future increases under threat

City of London Investment Trust (CTY), Bankers Investment Trust (BNKR) and Alliance Trust (ATST) have raised their dividends for 53 years in a row, while a further 18 also qualify as Association of Investment Companies (AIC) ‘dividend heroes' because they have raised their dividends for 20 or more years in a row. These include Caledonia Investments (CLDN), which has raised its dividends for 52 years in a row. Seven trusts have increased their dividends for 40 or more years in a row and five have done this for more than 30 consecutive years.

With interest rates falling the reliability of income streams is even more important. And in difficult market conditions investors can continue to receive dividends even if share prices of investment trusts they hold have fallen.

Part of the reason why investment trusts can keep increasing their dividends is because they can hold back up to 15 per cent of the income they receive from their holdings each year in a revenue reserve. This means that in years when underlying investments do not pay out enough income for dividend increases they can draw on some of the money in their revenue reserves.

However, due to the current extreme situation, the extent to which investment trusts will be able to continue to increase dividends in the next year or further down the line is uncertain. This partly depends on the size of trusts’ revenue reserves and dividend cover – how many years the current revenue reserve could pay the amount of dividend the trust paid out in its last financial year. You can check this information at

But what income trusts get from their underlying holdings is a key factor. “I think it is quite likely that a lot of companies will use [this situation] as an excuse [to cut dividends] even if they are not desperate to conserve cash," said David Liddell, chief executive of online investment service IpsoFacto Investor. “So I would be quite cautious of dividends. While investment trust revenue reserves are nice, if boards of investment trusts see the underlying income falling rapidly they are not going to dip into reserves hugely to hold up dividends. Global equity income trusts have oil company exposure, while [some] UK equity income trusts are very dependent on sectors at risk of dividend cuts, such as oil, banking and to some extent tobacco.”


AIC dividend heroes as at 16 March 2020

TrustSectorNumber of consecutive years dividend increased
City of London Investment TrustUK Equity Income53
Bankers Investment TrustGlobal53
Alliance TrustGlobal53
Caledonia Investments Flexible Investment52
BMO Global Smaller CompaniesGlobal Smaller Companies49
F&C Investment TrustGlobal49
Brunner Investment TrustGlobal48
JPMorgan Claverhouse Investment TrustUK Equity Income46
Murray IncomeUK Equity Income46
Witan Investment TrustGlobal45
Scottish AmericanGlobal Equity Income40
Merchants TrustUK Equity Income37
Scottish Mortgage Investment TrustGlobal37
Scottish Investment TrustGlobal36
Temple Bar Investment TrustUK Equity Income36
Value & IncomeUK Equity Income32
BMO Capital & IncomeUK Equity Income26
British & AmericanUK Equity Income24
Schroder Income GrowthUK Equity Income24
Invesco Income GrowthUK Equity Income22
Perpetual Income & GrowthUK Equity Income20

Source: AIC/Morningstar